If your knees or wrists have started to hurt for no apparent reason, don’t let too much time go by without consulting a specialist . One possible reason would be the wear of the joints. This could lead to arthritis or osteoarthritis that generate pain and mobility limitations. In these cases, prevention and early treatment are vital.
Causes of joint wear
There are many reasons why a person begins to suffer joint problems. The most frequent are:
The years produce wear and the more time passes, the more difficult it is to cure or eradicate the ailment because the damage is chronic.
According to some scientific studies , women suffering from osteoarthritis in the hands may have inherited a gene that triggers this problem. About 10% of cases that occur have a family history.
The obesity damages the joints in areas such as knees and hips, because the entire body weight rests on the lower extremities.
Carrying boxes or heavy suitcases for a long time recharges bones and joints. In addition, carrying a load on the same side of the body always causes one joint to “work” more than the other and wear.
Depending on the use, osteoarthritis or arthritis may develop more easily over time. It can be because it is a heavy work, or very sedentary.
Any injury or accident in a joint leads to a greater predisposition to wear , because recovery is not usually complete.
It may be because of the weather or the environment where you work. It also influences if you spend many hours in contact with water.
The diet is closely related to arthritis and osteoarthritis. Foods that produce too much uric acid form crystals that degenerate the soft parts of the joints and then the bones.
Most common symptoms of joint wear
Pay attention to detect if you might be suffering from any joint discomfort:
- Feeling of stiffness or little flexibility when trying to get up or move.
- Joint pain in a timely and usual place.
- General weakness most of the day.
- Dolores strong bones and muscles sharp (like electric shock).
- Reddened joints , which cause pain on contact. “Violet spots” may also occur in specific places.
- Excessive perspiration during the night, with a bad smell and fever .
How to treat joint wear
These tips will be used to treat or alleviate the pain generated by joint wear and, in turn, have a better quality of life:
- Move the legs before getting up: For example, when getting out of bed so that the weight of the body does not fall suddenly on the knees. Also, after sitting for a long time, move your legs several times before getting up.
- Take breaks every day : In the middle of the workday, or any activity, clear between 5 and 10 minutes, especially if you are standing or sitting a lot.
- Adequate footwear : Have a good support, that does not move the foot or have to make an effort so that it does not come out. Closed shoes without heels are preferable, and are not worn more than one side than the other.
- Stretch your legs when you sit: Move as many times as possible, so the kneecap puts less pressure on the femur.
- Be careful when carrying weight . If you carry weight, try to match the weight on both sides of the body and, if possible, not carry everything at the same time.
- When taking something from the ground, crouch in “squatting” and do not bend your back.
- Up and down stairs: The movement should be slow, leaning on the railings and one step at a time.
How to treat joint wear with food
In addition to respecting the previous recommendations, it is good to follow a healthy diet and according to this problem. For it:
- Drink plenty of water, to keep you hydrated and that the joint fluid is in its right measure.
- Consume the recommended amount of vitamins according to age and activity . For example, vitamin C helps form collagen, bone matrix and cartilage. For its part, vitamin A works in tissue regeneration. Vitamin D promotes the absorption of calcium and phosphorus that prevent osteoporosis and other bone problems.